Kazakhstan - Encounter Culture
AAG wants to not only promote cultural exchange through our programs, but also provide an opportunity to travel the world virtually. Our goal is to give you the opportunity to learn more about a featured country with whom we are establishing and creating a stronger business, political and human ties.
This month’s featured country is Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan. Known for its oil production, Kazakhstan produces 81 million tons of oil per year. Kazakhstan is the world’s largest landlocked country by land area and is the ninth largest country in the world covering over a million square miles. Kazakhstan is home to the largest space launch complex in the world, the Baikonur. This area of land is rented and administered by the Russian Federation. It was originally built by the Soviet Union in the late 1950s as the base of operations for its space program. Under the current Russian space program, Baikonur remains a busy spaceport, with numerous commercial, military and scientific missions being launched annually. All crewed Russian space flights are launched from Baikonur.
Kazakhstan features just about every type of terrain possible including flatlands, steppe, taiga, rock canyons, hills, deltas, snow capped mountains and desserts and is home to roughly 17 million people. Given its large area and small population it ranks quite low in population density with about 15 people per square mile.
Kazakhstan was once a member of the Russian Empire and integral part of the Soviet Union. It was the last of the Soviet republics to declare independence following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. President Nursultan Nazarbayev has held office since the separation.
Kazakhstan is populated by 131 ethnicities, including Kazakh (who make up 63 percent of the population), Russian, Uzbek, Ukrainian, German, Tatar, and Uyghur. Islam is the religion of about 70% of the population, with Christianity practiced by 26%; Kazakhstan allows freedom of religion. The Kazakh language is the state language, while Russian has equal official status for all levels of administrative and institutional purposes. The Kazakhstan tenge is the national currency, and there is no state motto. To learn more about this fascinating country click here.